Calandra palmarum, cordyle barbirostris thunberg, cordyle palmarum, curculio palmarum, rhynchophorus cycadis erichson, r. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in. The additional or even synergistic effect of combining either plantderived. It is, however, found predominantly on arecaceae, the main hosts being, cocos nucifera, elaeis guineensis, euterpe edulis, metroxylon sagu, phoenix canariensis, phoenix dactylifera, and sugarcane saccharum officinarum.
The second analysis applied the standard neighborjoining nj k2p model. Pdf attraction to host plants by adultrhynchophorus palmarum l. Giant palm weevils of the genus rhynchophorus coleoptera. Previous species rhynchophorus ferrugineus next species rhynchophorus phoenicis. The south american palm weevil sapw, rhynchophorus palmarum linnaeus coleoptera. States with the highest host density for this pest include florida and some parts of louisiana and california usdacphst, 2010. Paper presented in the meeting on the red palm weevil, rhynchophorus ferrugineus, muscat, oman, 1920 february. Rhynchophorus palmarum rhycpadocuments eppo global. This species is a notorious pest of palm and coconut throughout its zone of distribution oehlschlager et al. The adults are relatively large black beetles of approximately one and a half inch in length, and the larvae may grow to two inches in length. Validation of analytical method for rhynchophorol quantification and. Text is available under the creative commons attributionsharealike license. Ipm of the red palm weevil, rhynchophorus ferrugineus.
However, sometimes too little attention is paid to other issues related to the new crop, such as plant health and agronomic management. Most effective when placed on ground under palms or tied to palm trunks. Partial characterization of protease activity from. Rhynchophorus languinosus chevrolat the south american palm weevil, rhynchophorus palmarum, is a species of snout beetle. This detector is essentially a low frequency ampli. Infestation of red palm weevil, rhynchophorus ferrugineus in relation to offshoots on date palm trunk and its management. Rhynchophorus palmarum scientific name rhynchophorus palmarum linnaeus synonyms. This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 3. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Chemical ecology of the palm weevil rhynchophorus palmarum l.
Paper presented in the meeting on the red palm weevil, rhynchophorus ferrugineus, muscat, oman, 1920 february, 2000 abstract banu jg, sosamma vk, koshy pk, 1998. This page was last edited on 17 january 2020, at 01. Rhynchophorus ferrugineus and rhynchophorus palmarum. South american palm weevil rhynchophorus palmarum south american palm weevil rhynchophorus palmarum is an insect pest. Costa rica, colombia, venezuela and brazil have reported greater damage to commercial palm plantations dean, 1979. Rhynchophorus ferrugineus and rhynchophorus palmarum speci. Different crop replanting sys tems are being used today. This insect, originally from the tropical regions of asia and polynesia, has extended continuously through other areas of the planet, colonising different species of palm trees. Weevil development took 10 weeks, comprising an egg stage of 24 days, a larval stage of 4060 days and a cocoon stage including prepupa, pupa and immature adult. The red palm weevil has caused extensive mortality of palms in the mediterranean, the middle east and north africa, and its discovery in california caused concern for the states ornamental palm and date. Curculionidae technical report pdf available december 2014 with 1,604 reads how we measure reads. All rhynchophorus species are polyphagous and have a similar life history but some are major pests because of the serious economic damage they cause, in particular to several species of the family arecaceae.
The method used depends on the plantation and it is basically associated with the costs involved in the process. Put the diffusers in the enabled hunger, inside the lid, for such purpose. In addition, the yield benefits and the cost of traps, and the manual labour. Adult rhynchophorus palmarum have a black, hard cuticle and they measure about 45 cm in length and are approximately 1. Rhynchophorus palmarum linnaeus, 1758 insects as food. You have free access to this content eppo bulletin volume 37, issue 3, article first published online. Red palm weevil rpw, rhynchophorus ferrugineus is the most important pest of date and canary palm in the middle east. Female rhynchophorus palmarum with coloration resembling r. The major species are rhynchophorus palmarum in the western hemisphere.
Image subid scientific name common name autid photographer org baseimgurl landscape description. American palm weevil, palm weevil, or palmmarrow weevil, rhynchophorus palmarum linnaeus is a serious pest of numerous palms, it also attacks 35 plant species of 12 different families esser and meredith, 1987. Early detection and preventive control of rhynchophorus. Review an overview on the natural enemies of rhynchophorus palm weevils, with focus on r.
An overview on the natural enemies of rhynchophorus palm. In the laboratory, females deposited up to 4050 eggs, and the egg and pupal stages lasted 3124 and 1718 days. Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is essentially a pest of palms. In october 2010, rhynchophorus vulneratus, originally identified as the red palm weevil, r. Adult palmetto weevils vary in color from solid black to almost completely red with a variable black pattern. If you are logged in, you can add new subtaxa, vernacular and scientific names, texts, images or intertaxon relationships for this taxon. We describe the use of alerito, the larva of the rhynchophorus palmarum coleoptera. American palm weevil rhynchophorus palmarum linnaeus, 1758. During studies to adapt pheromone trapping of rhynchophorus palmarum to the special coconut growing conditions at the colombian pacific coast, 152 atypicallycolored specimens were captured in a. Rhynchophorus palmarum linnaeus 1758 south american palm weevil photo found in california. Curculionidae and their threat to florida palms michael c. Manejo integrado da brocadoolhodocoqueiro rhynchophorus palmarum l. Reginald 1973 suggested that natural enemies cannot play a decisive role in controlling the worlds worst pest of palm trees, r. Rhynchophorus palmarum rhycpa documents eppo global database.
The known hosts include areca catechu, arenga pinnata. General information about rhynchophorus palmarum rhycpa eppo global database. Rhynchophorus palmarum is one of the most dangerous pests of coconut and oil palms in latin america and the caribbean, mining the trunks and transmitting the causal agent of redring disease, rhadinaphelenchus cocophilus. Pheromones and semiochemicals of rhynchophorus palmarum. At the present time, it appears that placing pheromones for both r. Giblindavis, university of florida palm frond damage caused by. Pdf chemical ecology of the palm weevil rhynchophorus. Effect of replanting systems on populations of strategus. An account is given of the distribution and bionomics of rhynchophorus palmarum, l. The release rates and longevity of the lures are also based on temperature i. Pdf during studies to adapt pheromone trapping of rhynchophorus. Detection methods the davis red weevil detector is an electronic instrument capable of amplifying the noise made by r. Five specimens had the typical coloration of rhynchophorus ferrugineus, an invasive species recently introduced to aruba and.
Accepted 10 june, 2011 palm weevil rhychophorus palmarum poses treat to cultivated palm trees in central and southern africa. Therefore, if both pests are targets, the trap should be baited with the pheromone lures for r. Distribution top of page as reported by wattanapongsiri 1966, the genus rhynchophorus has an extensive worldwide distribution, but is concentrated in the tropics. It has several common names as well as the american palm weevil. The length of effectiveness of all three palm weevil lures rhynchophorus ferrugineus aggregation lure. Giant palmetto weevil rhynchophorus cruentatus fabricius 1775. Lohr b1, vasquezordonez aa2, becerra lopezlavalle la3.
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus was recently found in the laguna beach area of orange county, california cdfa, 2010. The largest weevil in north america is the palmetto weevil, rhynchophorus cruentatus fabricius. Some biota are rapidly fatal, as with the infestation by the palm weevil, rhynchophorus sp. Rhynchophorus palm weevils are large insects belonging to the family dryophthoridae. South american palm weevil, rhynchophorus palmarum pest. Introduction the genus rhynchophorus currently contains nine species, of which six are known to attack palms. Exposure to insecticides reduces populations of rhynchophorus. The red palm weevil rhynchophorus ferrugineus is an invasive exotic species and phytosanitary quarantine species which is present in spain since 1995, when it was detected in granada and malaga. Rhynchophorus, or common name palm weevil, is a genus of beetles in the weevil family, curculionidae. Rhynchophorus palmarum is common in neotropical virgin forests and in agroecosystems exploiting oil palms, and has been reported on 35 plant species in 12 different families. Management of the american palm weevil rhynchophorus palmarum and the red ring disease in oil palm by pheromonebased trapping. South american palm weevil damage palm trunk damaged by r. This page was last edited on 10 january 2016, at 11.
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus and rhynchophorus palmarum 2007. The head is small and round with a characteristic long, ventrally curved rostrum snout. Identification of pheromone synergists in american palm weevil, rhynchophorus palmarum, and attraction of related dynamis borassi. Infestation by rpw varies in relation to the height and age of palm trees and most likely is restricted to 01 m height above soil surface and to. Factsheet rhynchophorus palmarum linnaeus american palm. Semiochemicals of rhynchophorus palmarum, the south american palm weevil.
Maleproduced aggregation pheromone of the american palm weevil, rhynchophorus palmarum l. Rhynchophorus ferrugineus, the red or asian palm weevil rpw, has a. Palm weevils are major pests of various trees in the family arecaceae throughout the tropics including. The palmetto weevil is native to florida and until recently was the only species of palm weevil in the continental united states. Once, the palmetto weevil was considered a minor pest, attacking only severely wounded and dying trees. Rhynchophorus palmarum is the vector of the nematode bursaphelenchus cocophius cobb baujard, which causes redring disease in coconut. It is also a natural source of protein in asia and africa.171 532 528 107 433 1037 794 575 1187 475 967 924 749 271 966 405 937 1397 420 997 922 1318 1247 818 881 194 1160 1333 1255