The research on the efforts of combining human and machine intelligence has a long history. The design of a successful participatory sensing application is met with two challenges 1 user privacy and 2 data trustworthiness. Motivating contribution in a participatory sensing system. Participatory sensing refers to any mechanism by which individuals in the general. Enabling interactive local governance through citizen engagement 1 executive summary.
This paper introduces the concept of participatory sensing, which tasks everyday mobile devices, such as cellular phones, to form interactive, participatory sensor networks that enable public and. The definition of participatory sensing emphasizes explicit user participation, crowdsourcing is defined as. On the one hand, participatory sensing requires the active involvement of individuals to contribute data related to a phenomenon that is too large to be addressed by a single person e. In them, we have developed a form of citizen participation in environmental monitoring and action which is bottomup, participatory and empowering to the community. University of science and technology of china, hefei, china sano. Participatory sensing for community building chi 11. Urban participatory citizen sensing goes beyond the conditions usually set for citizen science, and instead enters the realm of empowerment and citizenship in the city. A citizenpowered approach to illuminating the patterns that shape our world, pdf file published by the woodrow wilson international center for scholars in 2009.
Participatory sensing for governmentcentric applications. Participatory sensing assesses the spatial and temporal variability of environmental indicators and is used to quantify this interpersonal variability. Peir, the personal environmental impact report, as a platform. Paulos, 2007 or proposing urban plans for redeveloping areas burke, 2006. This paper proposes a beacon device based unconscious participatory sensing system where beacon devices are installed at a measurement location, and trigger measurement. Phones become platforms for thousands to document a neighborhood. Participatory sensing urban sensing, which is the process that enables individuals to collect, analyze and share local knowledge with their own mobile devices, emerges as required under these well conditions. Enabling interactive local governance through citizen engagement 1. Participatory sensing enables a personcentric collection of environmental measurement data with, in principle, high granularity in space and time. There are several different usage models of participatory sensing. Using the concept of ps, soundrecording and noisemonitoring mobile applications and online web. Participatory sensing, public spaces, urban probes introduction as sensors become less expensive and passing through a spacemore widely available, nonexperts are empowered to act as scientists and environmental researchers. In this document, we introduce the concept of participatory sensing, explore five hypothetical situations in which it might have realworld influence, and suggest short and longterm measures that can promote our vision. Q1 urban participatory sensing a have you heard this term before.
Participatory sensing is a form of data collection that engages individuals in collecting data about themselves and their communities using digital devices. The efficiency and reliability of a participatory sensing system. Ijerph free fulltext extending participatory sensing to. Given that participatory sensing systems rely completely on the users willingness to submit uptodate and accurate information, it is paramount to effectively incentivize users active and reliable participation. Physical, chemical, and biological factors shaping phytoplankton community structure in king harbor, redondo beach, california. Participatory sensing, location data, environmental impact and exposure, mobile system 1. In this article, we report on our experiences with a lowcost open source hardware and software platform, which we specifically developed for this task.
The general vision is that designing, deploying and operating a sensor network may not be necessary, when we want to learn about the. Participatory sensing is the process in which individuals or communities collect and analyze systematic data using mobile phones and cloud services. A new architecture for participatory sensing can enhance and systematize existing methodology by increasing the quantity, quality and credibility of communitygathered data. It tasks everyday mobile devices to form interactive, participatory sensor networks that enable public and professional users to gather, analyze and share local knowledge. Participatory sensing for emergency communication via manet. One application of participatory sensing is as a tool for health. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs. On role assignment for participatory sensing system. Participatory sensing ps is a concept which enables laymen to easily gather geodata with standard lowcost mobile devices, offering new and efficient opportunities for agricultural monitoring. Dec 04, 2012 for example, the cogps approach is a key enabling technology in microsoft research project cleo, a participatory environmental sensing system that we are showcasing at the 2012 agu fall meeting this week.
In recent years, with the development of sharing economy and mobile sensing, many smartphonebased participatory sensing systems have been valued and applied 1, such as data perception 2. Community organizers defined the content of the participatory sensing campaign. Compared with wsns, participatory sensing offers a number of advantages on deployment costs. Participatory sensing applications have two major components. Motivating contribution in a participatory sensing system via. To efficiently develop participatory sensing services, some serverside technologies have been proposed. The data captured by participants is typically submitted to an intermediary the service provider who will build a service based upon this data. Peir, the personal environmental impact report, as a. By implementing adaptive data collection protocols based on local or systemwide statistics, participatory sensing would facilitate. Participatory sensing shapes phones into ubiquitous, familiar tools for quantifying personal patterns and habits. Sensorized city social phenomena natural phenomena realtime, realworld dynamic. Jie liu, principal researcher and research manager, microsoft research, sensing and energy research group. A growth in mobile devices, such as the smartphones, which has rich and ubiquitous sensors, has made participatory sensing viable in.
Collection, production and use of data become practices of engagement and action through diy sensing technologies for. Participatory sensing, which is the main topic of this article, is a subset of mobile crowdsourcing that emphasizes the active and intentional. Although they provide a good platform for participatory sensing, they are not optimized for spatial data management and processing. Transferring the participatory sensing information to a speci. Extending participatory sensing to personal exposure using. In this paper we provide concrete proof that participatory techniques, when implemented properly, can achieve the same accuracy as standard mapping techniques. Each smartphone device has a special application for data relaying. Recently, participatory sensing has attracted considerable attention of research. Realworld deployments of participatory sensing applications. As an evolution of participatory sensing, mcs has two unique features. On role assignment for participatory sensing system by anubhuti garg thesis submitted to the faculty of graduate and postdoctoral studies in partial ful llment of the requirements for the mcs degree in computer science school of electrical engineering and computer science faculty of engineering university of ottawa c anubhuti garg, ottawa. Implementation of participatory sensing approach 3 the goal of this particular sub research was verifying of the possibility to collect the information about road surface and its damages using vehicles equipped with mi. In this post im introducing relationships among citizens, sensors and data as preliminary stages towards participatory sensing projects in the context of smartcities.
Another important component of this demo is a novel concept in participatory sensing that a. Accepted by ieee communications magazine 1 mobile crowd sensing and computing. Trusted sensors for participatory sensing and iot applications based on physically unclonable functions ihtesham haider institute of networked and embedded systems alpenadriauniversitat klagenfurt, austria ihtesham. Crowdsensing, sometimes referred to as mobile crowdsensing, is a technique where a large group of individuals having mobile devices capable of sensing and computing such as smartphones, tablet computers, wearables collectively share data and extract information to measure, map, analyze, estimate or infer predict any processes of common interest. We argue that, in the design of participatory sensing tools and applications, the. Addressing complex issues such as climate change or the e ects of the built environment on obesity or wellness requires more than pro. Transferring the participatory sensing information to a specific study population is a basic requirement for epidemiological studies in the near future. In participatory sensing, individuals are explicitly and actively involved in the sensing process, and choose to perform some critical operations e. Futhermore, participatory sensing covers a wide range of user involvement lane et al. For example, the cogps approach is a key enabling technology in microsoft research project cleo, a participatory environmental sensing system that we are showcasing at the 2012 agu fall meeting this week. Abstract this demonstration presents apollo, a new sensor information processing tool for uncovering likely facts in noisy participatory sensing data. Privacy preserving for participatory sensing using.
From participatory sensing to mobile crowd sensing. A survey on privacy in mobile participatory sensing. In opportunistic sensing, individuals are passively involved, for example. Fundamental design for a beacon device based unconscious. Pushing participatory sensing further to the edge abstract. Participatory sensing uses both local devices for data collection and cloudbased servers for processing. Privacy preserving for participatory sensing using trajectory. Participatory sensing is a form of crowdsourcing whereby individuals and communities submit scalar andor multimedia data from mobile. Participatory sensing can be used to retrieve information about the environment, weather, urban mobility, congestion as well as any other sensory information that collectively forms knowledge. Citeseerx document details isaac councill, lee giles, pradeep teregowda. Participatory sensing plays an important role in the internet of things iot. A transport trip quality measurement system tqms has.
Evaluating hotspots for stormwater harvesting through. The proposed system assumes to be consisting of various numbers of beacon devices and smartphone devices. Towards a sustainable incentive mechanism for participatory sensing xiaoshan sun. Participatory sensing lies at the intersection of two auspicious research directions, networked sensing and group intelligence. Participatory sensing is the process whereby individuals and communities use ever more capable mobile phones and cloud services to collect and analyze systematic data for use in discovery. In this technical report we describe a community data campaign that made use of smartphone based participatory sensing for environmental needs assessment. From participatory sensing to mobile crowd sensing abstract. Participatory sensing, where users proactively document and share their observations, has received. Pdf from participatory sensing to mobile crowd sensing.
A privacypreserving reputation system for participatory sensing. Evaluating hotspots for stormwater harvesting through participatory sensing. Enabling interactive local governance through citizen engagement key findings participatory sensing the active role of the user is critical for the success of ps, requiring effective engagement, but also mitigation of disincentives, such as privacy concerns. The convergence of technology and analytical innovation with a citizenry that is increasingly comfortable using mobile phones and online social networking sets the stage for this technology to. In this article, we survey existing literature on incentive mechanisms for participatory sensing systems. This participatory sensing initiative under the form of a geoobserver network is setup through a collaboration between mountains of the moon university mmu, uganda, the vrije universiteit brussel vub, the royal museum for central africa rmca and the ku leuven in belgium. This study presents a methodological approach for crop height assessment based on ps. Compared with wsns, participatory sensing offers a. Smart route planning using open data and participatory sensing. Participatory sensing is one of a number of related movements going under names including self quantification, mobile health. A typical participatory sensing application operates in a centralized fashion, i. A web gis framework for participatory sensing service.
Adaptive reward allocation for participatory sensing hindawi. Such open communication systems could pose challenges to the veracity of transmitted information. Recently, participatory sensing has attracted considerable attention of. Participatory sensing ps is a new practice w hich harnesses these tools to collect and analyze data for use in social science, environmental and health discovery. Introduction participatory sensing refers to the vision of distributed data collection and analysis at the personal, urban, and global scale, in which participants make key decisions about what, where, and when to sense 1.
Pdf the research on the efforts of combining human and machine intelligence has a long history. As such, participatory sensing inherits attributes from both its relatives. Participatory sensing networked society institute university of. An indepth debate over what is assumed and expected from.
Social tapestries views participatory sensing as the principal supporting technology to enable grassroots groups and communities to track and act on information about their local environment. Participatory sensing is the concept of communities contributing sensory information to form a. Participation and reporting in participatory sensing. Participatory sensing burke 2006 is an emerging computing paradigm that tasks everyday mobile devices to form participatory sensor networks.
In this research, we explore the viability of using participatory sensing as a means to enhance a sense of community. For example, the opensense project has deployed a rich set of sensors on public transports to measure air quality, like co, pm10, o 3. In this paper we provide concrete proof that participatory techniques, when implemented properly, can achieve the same accuracy as. This paper develops mathematical foundations and architectural components for providing privacy guarantees on stream data in grassroots participatory sensing applications, where groups of participants use privatelyowned sensors to collectively measure aggregate phenomena of mutual interest. The goal of this document is to better understand the eld and possible options. Price of sensor data in participatory sensing yoshito tobe aoyama gakuin university japan. Participatory sensing, instead, focuses on motivated groups willing to engage themselves as digital pressure groups, e. The sensing tasks on the phones can be triggered manually, automatically, or based on the current context.
Using the concept of ps, soundrecording and noisemonitoring mobile applications and online web survey. Abstract the bus arrival time is primary information to most city transport travelers. Utilization of humans behavior behavior taking photos moving daily activities. Aventis us llc, boston, usa abstract participatory sensing plays an important role in internet of things iot applications to collect large scale data. With the development of mobile sensing and mobile internet techniques, a new sensing paradigm called mobile crowd sensing mcs, which leverages the power of citizens for largescale sensing. With the advent of participatory sensing sensors integrated with consumer electronics. However, transferring the collected data to the cloud can lead to draining device battery power and cause network bandwidth bottlenecks, especially for large multimedia files.